What does it mean?

When you’re working as self-employed in Spain, you’re likely to come across lots of legal Spanish words you don’t know. Here’s a glossary:

What does … mean?

  • NIE (Número de Identidad Extranjero): Foreign Resident’s ID Number
  • NIF (Número de Identidad Fiscal): Business tax number. If you are a freelancer in Spain, your NIF is the same number as your NIE.
  • Número de Afiliación a la Seguridad Social: Social Security Number
  • Hacienda: Inland Revenue
  • IRPF (Impuesto sobre la Renta de Personas Físicas): Income Tax (or closest equivalent)
  • IVA (Impuesto sobre el Valor Añadido): VAT (Value Added Tax)
  • Cuota de Autónomos: Self-Employed Social Security monthly tax payments
  • Agencia Tributaria: Inland Revenue (the arm of the Spanish Inland Revenue dedicated to tax-collecting)
  • Modelo: Tax form
  • Domicilio: home address
  • Alta/baja: Sign-up/sign-off
  • Autoliquidar: Pay tax into the system yourself
  • Declaración de la Renta: yearly tax form, filled in by all citizens
  • Retención: tax deducted from your payment and paid in on your behalf by a hiring company
  • IAE (Impuesto sobre Actividades Económicas): Corporation Tax
  • Autónomo: freelancer/self-employed
  • PYME (Pequeña y Mediana Empresa): SMB (Small/Medium Business)
  • Hoja de Vida Laboral: Employment history record
  • Pago fraccionado: split payment
  • Rendimiento: yield
  • Préstamo: loan
  • Hipoteca: mortgage
  • IRNR (Impuesto sobre la Renta de No Residentes): Income tax for non-residents
  • IS (Impuesto sobre Sociedades): Corporation Tax

Any more to add to the list?

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